Surat, is a port city previously known as Suryapur, economical capital Gujarat, and former princely state in the Indian state of Gujarat.
It is the administrative capital of the Surat district. The city is located 284 kilometres (176 mi) south of the state capital,Gandhinagar; 265 kilometres (165 mi) south of Ahmedabad; and 289 kilometres (180 mi) north of Mumbai.
Surat had a population of 4.5 million at the 2011 census, making it the second largest city in the state of Gujarat, after Ahmedabad. It is the eighth largest city and ninth largest urban agglomeration of India.
Surat Airport has direct air connectivity with Delhi and Mumbai. Airlines companies such as Air India operate daily 2 flights per day from Surat to Delhi and one flight from Surat to Mumbai. Ventura air operates daily flight from Surat to Bhavnagar, Rajkot and Bhuj.
Surat railway station is under the administrative control of the Mumbai Division, Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways. The erection of Surat Railway Station began in 1860. It was selected as the Cleanest Railway station by the Indian Railways in 2016. and it is also selected for smart railway stations for India.
Surat Railway Station
Surat has a port near Magdalla with good facilities for industrial purposes.
Owing to heavy traffic congestion on major highways passing through Surat city, the BRTS (Bus rapid transit in Surat) system work has been completed in most of the area. Surat Municipal Corporation tries to improve road infrastructure of the city. The major highways passing through Surat are the Udhana-Mumbai Highway also known as Udhana-Navsari Highway, Surat-Ahmedabad Highway also known as Varachha Main Road. Due to rapid urbanisation and to reduce fatal accidents Surat Municipal Corporation and Surat Urban Development Authority has planned to develop an Outer Ring Road and Middle Ring Road which are under construction to decongest the traffic from the major highways passing through the city.
The city has seen the completion of road projects, particularly elevated roads. One of the very few multi-layer flyovers in India is now in Surat over Majura Gate. The Eastern expressway also known as Varachha Flyway is one of India's longest flyovers under city municipal limits in the four lane category. Surat Municipal Corporation has decided to construct one of the biggest structures in the state at a cost Rs 1.90 billion. A multi-level flyover bridge over Tapi river, it would connect Rander-Adajan to Katargam, which lies on the other side of the river.In addition to flyovers Surat is also getting its first cable stayed bridge connecting Adajan to Parle point near Athwalines.The Golden Quadrilateral highway system passes through Surat. The city is connected to the National Highway 8 through a 16 km connector highway.
Udhna Magdalla Road
Surat City Bus - In August 2008, the CNG-fuelled bus service was opened by the city Mayor Dr. Kanubhai Mavani. Frequency of buses is sparse, making shared auto rickshaws a main mode of local travel.
BRTS -Bus Rapid Transit System has been completed in most areas of surat city and the work in some areas is still in progress . The first route for BRTS was started from 26 January 2014 on Udhana-Sachin route with AC buses. In August 2012, plans for an intracity metro train service were approved by Chief Minister Narendra Modi. The plan includes the construction of underground and overground metro trains and monorails.
Metro Train - The twin cities of Surat and Navsari will be connected by metro railway under this project. Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC) is confident of making the metro rail project a reality in the city by 2017–18.